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Alpine

Ski poles purchase advice: Which size of ski poles should I buy?

It's hard to believe, but the length of a ski pole can influence the performance On- and Off-piste: Depending on your skiing style and terrain, you will need shorter or longer poles. Therefore, choosing the right size is important when buying the poles – so nothing gets in the way of having a good time in the snow! How is ski pole length calculated and why does it depend on the type of pole used? Let us answer these questions for you.


Best length for ski poles? It depends on their use!

First of all: As with the selection of the ski, the choice of ski poles also depends on their usage. Freeriders need a different pole length than racers. The reason is quite simple and can be watched annually on sports channels: In order to get a good acceleration at the start of the giant slalom, a longer pole is recommended - the longer lever improves the power. On the other hand, when driving on mogul slopes, shorter poles are more likely to be used, as this allows the skier to move more dynamic. Before we explain how to calculate the ski pole length, we will give you an overview of the fields of application – after all, this is essentially related to your choice of size.

Alpine ski poles

Especially on the slopes, alpine ski poles should offer a pleasant effect adapted to the skiing style. These poles are mainly used to balance during the descent. Ski poles can also be very helpful when timing short turns while skiing.

For skiing at faster speeds, slightly longer poles are beneficial - they allow good thrust using the arms. Often you will notice very light ski poles such as the RC4 GS featuring curved shafts in racing equipment. These were especially developed for thrusting using the arms.

Ski poles for kids

Ski poles for kids are not only shorter, they also differ in other aspects. The pole is usually thinner and the grips are narrower, so that delicate little hands have a good grip on their poles. The right time to buy ski poles for a kid depends entirely on the skills of the young skier. If the kid has internalized the essential skiing movements and already developed the necessary motor skills, such as using the ski lift with poles, it should be ready to have its own poles. The Pro JR  is an example for ski poles that can be used by kids.

Touring ski poles & the ideal ski pole length for freeriders

Most touring ski poles are telescopic poles, which makes their size individually adjustable to the respective slope inclination. Many prefer a longer shaft for a more convenient ascent uphill. If you need empty hands for using ice axes, telescopic poles will come in handy, as they can be easily reduced in size and attached to the backpack. Downhill, shortening the shaft will also be beneficial. Freeriders tend towards telescopic poles as well, since they are ideal for riding on moguls, half-pipes and in deep snow.


Getting the length for ski poles: Two ways to find out

Your body size is crucial for calculating the ski pole length. There are two ways to determine the right length - one is of theoretical nature, the other is based on practical testing.

1. Calculating the ski pole length by formula

Not only Pythagoras knew that formulas could be very useful in making life easier; ski racers also adhere to a mathematical formula when determining the length of their ski poles:

Body size in cm x 0.7 = ski pole length in cm

No calculator at hand? The following table is an overview of the available ski pole lengths on the market and their users respective body size:

  Body size  Length of ski pole  
  99 - 105 cm   70 cm
  106 - 112 cm  75 cm
  113 - 119 cm  80 cm
  120 - 126 cm  85 cm
  127 - 133 cm  90 cm
  134 - 140 cm  95 cm
  141 - 147 cm  100 cm
  148 - 154 cm  105 cm
  155 - 161 cm  110 cm
  162 - 168 cm  115 cm
  169 - 175 cm  120 cm
  176 - 182 cm  125 cm
  183 - 189 cm  130 cm
  190 - 196 cm  135 cm
  above 197 cm  140 cm

The formula's results shouldn't be set in stone, since there are also individual aspects at play: upper body length, leg length, skiing style and personal preferences of the skier. However, the result can serve as a first orientation. A practical test will reveal further information about the perfect pole length.

Freeriders may deduct approx. 5 cm from the recommended pole length! If the poles are used exclusively at the park, then very short models often are used: 1-meter ski poles are standard equipment for a freestyler.

2. Practical test for the right ski pole length

If you want to check the length, you should do the test wearing your ski boots and skis. Turn the ski pole upside down with the grip touching the ground. Grab the pole below the basket and hold it in front of your upper body. The part above the basket is not needed for this method as it will be dug into the snow when used and therefore is not taken into account for the pole’s length.

If your upper arm forms a right angle with your forearm, the pole has got the right length for you. Alternatively, you can just judge by your forearm: if it is horizontal to the ground while meeting the before mentioned conditions, then you found the ideal length.

-> Expert advice: Give the shorter or longer models a try as well, you'll find out how much difference a few centimetres can make!

Characteristics of ski poles:


Characteristics of ski poles:

If you think that buying ski poles is all about size, we’ve got to disappoint you. As mentioned before, there is a suitable model for every application. Once you found the right ski pole size, you will have to make your next purchase decision. For example, racing poles for speed are ergonomically shaped.

The material: Aluminium, Carbon, Titanal

Different materials have a huge impact on a ski pole’s weight. Good ski poles feature an ergonomically shaped grip fitting completely into the hand. The straps guarantee that poles won’t get dropped on ground easily, taking a trip downhill without you.

The pole's material should be sturdy and lightweight - which many poles combine. High stability is important, especially in races where collisions and accidents better not affect the poles. Should the ski pole end up bent, you can try to warm it up by rubbing it with your gloves and then bend it. This way the pole can sometimes be restored to its original shape. 

Simpler ski poles are made of aluminium and suffice for skiing down slopes. If you fall, it can happen that a pole gets twisted. However, you can get yourself poles made of heat-treated aluminium - these are stronger and more flexible. Many professionals use carbon poles due to their little weight and high stiffness. A typical example for a Carver model would be the RC4 The Curv CF.

Telescopic poles made of Titanal, such as the Transalp Vario, guarantee easy adjustment even at very cold temperatures. The baskets can be replaced easily if needed.  

Conclusion: Depending on the skiing style and pole use, the model should be chosen larger or smaller. Often, it's just a matter of personal preference. Therefore, the formula for calculating ski poles should just serve as an initial orientation. The practical test will show which length actually would serve you best - considering your personal skiing style, of course!